Established in 1997, UNMAS leads, coordinates and implements all aspects linked to the mitigation of the threats from mines and explosive remnants of war.
UNMAS operates under UN legislative mandates (UN General Assembly, UN Security Council etc) requests by the UN Secretary-General or his designated official, or an affected country, mostly in response to a humanitarian emergency.
In Geneva, UNMAS represents the UN humanitarian mine action hub, where it serves, inter alia, as Coordinator of the Mine Action Area of Responsibility within the Global Protection Cluster, a responsibility delegated by its close partner UNHCR. It also serves as the UN expert resource for mine action-related instruments of International Humanitarian Law including, including the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC), the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM), and the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW).
Because of mine action plays a unique role in bridging the sectors of security, peacebuilding, stabilization and humanitarian and development affairs, UNMAS Geneva plays an invaluable role in the effective dialogue and "triangulation" between mine action programmes established in affected countries, the Geneva-based humanitarian community and UNMAS New York HQ.