Almost two years of war have devastated Yemen, leaving 18.8 million people in need of humanitarian and protection assistance – including 10.3 million who are in acute need. The conflict is rapidly pushing the country towards social, economic and institutional collapse.
More than 7 million are facing food insecurity, and more than 8 million face acute shortages of clean water and sanitation. Nearly 3.3 million people – including 2.1 million children – are acutely malnourished including 462 000 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition. Violence since 2015 has forced more than 3 million people from their homes, including 2 million who remain internally displaced as of January 2017.
Health sector situation
An estimated 14.8 million people lack access to basic healthcare, including 8.8 million living in severely underserved areas. In light of access and security constraints, the 2017 Health Cluster response plan targets 10.4 million people Medical materials are in chronically short supply, and only 45% of health facilities are functioning. As of October 2016, at least 274 health facilities had been damaged or destroyed, 13 health workers had been killed and 31 injured.
According to Health Cluster analysis, the main causes of avoidable deaths in Yemen are communicable diseases, maternal, perinatal and nutritional conditions (together accounting for 50% of mortality) and non-communicable diseases (39% of mortality). There are 18 848 suspected cholera cases since October 2016. On average, the conflict kills or injures nearly 75 people every day.