The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade, and the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants together constitute an international framework governing chemicals and wastes throughout their life-cycle.
The Basel Convention is the most comprehensive global environmental agreement on hazardous wastes and other wastes. To date, the Convention has 183 Parties and aims to protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects resulting from the generation, management, transboundary movements and disposal of hazardous and other wastes.
The Rotterdam Convention is an international agreement aimed at protecting human health and the environment from the potentially harmful effects of certain hazardous chemicals, including some pesticides and industrial chemicals. The Convention, which has 155 Parties, works by promoting shared responsibility and cooperative efforts in the international trade of chemicals, and by facilitating information exchange about chemicals that have been banned or severely restricted in certain countries.
The Stockholm Convention, with 179 Parties, is a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), which are highly dangerous, long-lasting chemicals, by restricting and ultimately eliminating their production, use, trade, release and storage.
The Secretariats of the Basel and Stockholm conventions are administered by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and are located in Geneva, Switzerland. The Secretariat of the Rotterdam Convention is jointly served by UNEP and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It is based in Geneva, Switzerland, and in Rome, Italy.